Can Time Management Training Influence Perceived
Control of Time, Perceived Stress, and Job Performance?
Work may be stressful when we feel that we do not have
enough time to complete the work. We may wish to find a way
to better manage our time. This could include a number of
things, such as prioritizing tasks and developing plans to achieve
Hafner and Stock (2010) conducted an experiment that
addressed the effects of time management training. Participants
were randomly assigned to either a training group or a control
group (the control group was training at a later time). Their
findings suggest that the time management training increased
perceived control of time and reduced perceived stress.
However, their findings suggest that the time management
training did not affect overall job performance ratings (supervisor
Although time management training may not affect job
performance, it still may be beneficial. It could lead to greater
happiness because of less perceived stress. It may lead to lower
perceived stress because the person feels that he or she has more
control of time.
1. See their article for information on other findings.
Hafner, A., & Stock, A. (2010). Time management training and
perceived control of time at work. The Journal of Psychology,