Semantic Memory and Episodic Memory

      Memory is an important concept in psychology.  Two
types of memory are semantic memory and episodic
memory.   It is important to make a distinction between these
two types of memories.   What is semantic memory?   What
is episodic memory?

Semantic Memory Definition:

Semantic memory reflects the general knowledge we have
about the world (e.g., concepts).

Episodic Memory Definition:

Episodic memory is our memory for events that we have
personally experienced.

Semantic Memory Examples:

      There are many examples of semantic memory.  Our
knowledge of historical events is one example of semantic
memory.  Memories of laws and organizational rules are
semantic memories.  Moreover, memories for many basic
concepts such as intelligence, compassion, and humor are
semantic memories.

Episodic Memory Examples:

There are many examples of episodic memory.  Episodic
memories are personal memories.  They include all the
memories for the events in our lives.  These may be minor
events, or they may be major events.  The episodic memories
may include memory what happened on our birthdays and
holidays, memories from high school and college, and
memories for funny and sad events in our lives.