Self-fulfilling Prophecy

   Can our expectations create their own reality?  This question concerns self-fulfilling prophecies.  What is a self-fulfilling prophecy?  Below is one definition of self-fulfilling prophecy.
Self-fulfilling Prophecy Definition:

A self-fulfilling prophecy is the tendency for our expectations to foster the behavior that is consistent with our expectations.

Self-fulfilling Prophecy Examples:

   A supervisor who thinks that an employee is more intelligent than other employees may praise the employee to a greater degree than other employees.  As a result, the employee achieves greater job performance than the other employees.

    A teacher who thinks that a student in his or her class is gifted may ask the student more challenging questions and praise the student more than the other students in the class.  This may result in the student achieving better grades than the other students in the class.