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            PSYCHOLOGY AND SOCIETY TIMELINE

   
This page has a brief psychology timeline that contains a
description of some events that might be important for society.  This
includes some psychological books with ideas or findings that may
be beneficial to a significant number of people. Some of these books
may be considered some of the best psychology books.   Some of
these events that are included for this brief timeline of psychology
can be considered important events in the history of psychology.   
More events may be added at a later time.
1948      The book, Walden Two, by B. F. Skinner, was published.  In     
             Skinner's novel,
Walden Two, there is a description of a
             community that can be viewed as utopian.  The utopian novel
             involves  a description of the good life.  The leaders of
             the Walden Two community would promote acceptable behavior
             by use of positive reinforcement.  Positive reinforcement occurs
             when the likelihood of a certain behavior increases as a result
             of the presentation of something pleasant after the behavior.

1959     The book, Man's Search for Meaning: Introduction to
            Logotherapy
, by Viktor Frankl, is published.  Frankl
            suggested that the search for meaning is a primary
            motivation.  This book tells the story of Frankl's
            experience in the concentration camp and provides
            insight into the search for meaning in life.

1968     The article "Bystander Intervention in Emergenies:  Diffusion
            of Responsibility," written by John Darley and Bibb Latane, is
            published in the
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.
            
This article helps us to understand why some people may not
            help in an emergency.  

1973     The article "Groupthink," by Irving Janis, is published.  The
            articles describes a phenomenon labeled
groupthink, which
            may explain why some groups make poor decisions.

1978     The book, The Jigsaw Classroom, by Elliot Aronson et al. is
            published.  The book pertains to the jigsaw technique.  The
            jigsaw technique involves cooperative learning and may reduce
            racial conflict in the classroom.

1979    The book, Eyewitness Testimony, by Elizabeth Loftus, is
            published.  The reader can learn about factors that
            influence eyewitness memory.  A essential book for anyone
            who may become a juror.

1983      The article, "The Control of Human Aggression:  An Optimistic
            Perspective,"  by Robert Baron, is published in th
e Journal of
            Social and Clinical Psycholo
gy.  Some possible techniques for
            controlling human aggression are described.  The article provides
            insight into some possible ways that aggression may be reduced.

1987     The article, "Increasing voting behavior by asking people if
            they expect to vote," by Anthony Greenwald et al., was
            published in the
Journal of Applied Psychology.  Greenwald
            et al. found that a greater percentage of people voted when
            asked if they expect to vote than when not asked.  This study
            provides insight into how voting can be increased.
       
1994     The article, "What We Know About Leadership:  Effectiveness
            and Personality," by Robert Hogan, Gordon Curphy and Joyce
            Hogan is published in
American Psychologist.  This article
            provides answers to some important questions pertaining to
            leadership.  Some of these questions include how leaders are
            chosen, why leaders fail, and how leaders build teams.

2003      The book, The Social Psychology of Fundraising,
            Fourth Edition
, by Brad Bell, is published.  This book
            describes research findings on donating behavior, provides
            some ideas of possible ways to increase donations, and
            describes six principles that may explain some of findings
            on donating behavior
.

2006     Psychologyandsociety.com is established.
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