An important type of learning is learning about our own
thought or cognitive processes.  This reflects metacognition.  
Metacognition is an important concept in psychology.  What
is metacognition?

Metacognition Definition:

   Metacognition is the understanding and awareness of
one's own mental or cognitive processes.

Metacognition Examples:

There are many possible examples of metacognition.  
These examples may help to gain a better understanding of
the concept.  Below are some examples of metacognition:

1.  A person learns about his or her own style of learning.

2.  A person learns about what things help him or her to
remember facts, names, and events.

3.  A person becomes aware of his or her own biases in
judging others.

4.  A person learns about what strategies are the most
effective in solving certain problems.