Theories of Motivation:
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory
There are a number of psychological theories and motivation
theories. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a well-known theory of
motivation. It may also be viewed as a humanistic personality
theory. The theory bascially suggests that some needs have a higher
priority than other needs. In general, lower level needs would be
achieved before higher level needs are achieved. Below are five
levels of needs (the lower levels are indicated before the higher level
The lowest level in the needs hierarchy involves the physiological
needs. These needs would include such things as hunger, thirst, and
The second level in the needs hierarchy involves the safety needs.
These safety needs would include the need for security, order, and
Love and Belongingness Needs:
The third level in the needs hierarchy involves the love and
belongingness needs. These needs would include the need for
friendship and a romantic relationship.
The fourth level in the needs hierarchy involves the esteem needs.
These needs would include the need for self-respect and the need for
Need for Self-actualization :
The fifth level in the needs hierarchy involves the need for
self-actualization in which there is achievement of one's true potential.