Theories of Motivation:
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory
There are a number of motivation theories. Maslow's hierarchy
of needs is a well-known theory of motivation. It may also be viewed
as a humanistic personality theory. The theory bascially suggests that
some needs have a higher priority than other needs. In general, lower
level needs would be achieved before higher level needs are
achieved. Below are five levels of needs (the lower levels are
indicated before the higher level needs):
The lowest level in the needs hierarchy involves the physiological
needs. These needs would include such things as hunger, thirst, and
The second level in the needs hierarchy involves the safety needs.
These safety needs would include the need for security, order, and
Love and Belongingness Needs:
The third level in the needs hierarchy involves the love and
belongingness needs. These needs would include the need for
friendship and a romantic relationship.
The fourth level in the needs hierarchy involves the esteem needs.
These needs would include the need for self-respect and the need for
Need for Self-actualization :
The fifth level in the needs hierarchy involves the need for
self-actualization in which there is achievement of one's true potential.