| Theories of Motivation:
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory
There are a number of motivation theories. Maslow's hierarchy of needs is a well-known theory of motivation. It may also be viewed as a humanistic personality theory. The theory bascially suggests that some needs have a higher priority than other needs. In general, lower level needs would be achieved before higher level needs are achieved. Below are five levels of needs (the lower levels are indicated before the higher level needs):
The lowest level in the needs hierarchy involves the physiological needs. These needs would include such things as hunger, thirst, and sleep.
The second level in the needs hierarchy involves the safety needs. These safety needs would include the need for security, order, and stability.
Love and Belongingness Needs:
The third level in the needs hierarchy involves the love and belongingness needs. These needs would include the need for friendship and a romantic relationship.
The fourth level in the needs hierarchy involves the esteem needs. These needs would include the need for self-respect and the need for admiration.
Need for Self-actualization :
The fifth level in the needs hierarchy involves the need for self-actualization in which there is achievement of one's true potential.