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            Divergent Thinking

   Divergent thinking is an important type of thinking in problem
solving.  It can be viewed as a form of creative thinking.
What is divergent thinking?  Below is one definition of divergent
thinking:

Divergent Thinking Definition:

Divergent thinking can be described as unconventional
thinking in problem solving.

Divergent Thinking Example:

   Divergent thinking is thinking in unsual ways when trying to
solve problems.  There are many possible examples of divergent
thinking.  I included an example of unconventional thinking in
my book,
Finding Meaning (3rd. edition).   Because divergent
thinking can be viewed as unconventional thinking, the example
from my book can also be viewed as an example of divergent
thinking.

    Below is a description of a situation involving
unconventional thinking from my book,
Finding Meaning (3rd.
edition):
 
   
At a professional meeting in 1993, I was standing by the railing on the second  
     floor of the building.   I was looking down at the first floor when an important
     piece of paper fell over the railing.  It landed on a narrow ledge several feet
     from the railing.   I tried to reach it, but my arm was several inches too short.
     I could not safely go over the railing and stand on this very narrow ledge.
     Then, I perceived my program booklet in an unconventional way.   It was
     also a makeshift pair of pliers.   I reasoned that I could put the booklet in my
     hand and it would extend my reach by several inches.  I could keep the booklet
     slightly open so that I could use it to clamp down on the piece of paper.  I
     positioned the booklet in my hand so that the piece of paper could slide in
     between the pages of the booklet.  When I got the piece of paper wedged in
     between the pages of the booklet, I clamped down on the paper.  Using the
     booklet like a pair of pliers, I had successfully retrieved the paper from the
     ledge below.  When I had succeeded in retrieving the paper, I heard people
     clapping. Some of my colleagues on the first floor below had witnessed the
     event. (Bell, 2007, pp. 12-13).

References:

Bell, B.  (2007).  Finding Meaning (3rd ed.).  Portland, Oregon:
 Blue Fox Communications.