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                                    Confirmation Bias

  
There are a number of possible biases in judgment.  One of
these biases is the confirmation bias.   What is the confirmation
bias?  Below is a definition of the confirmation bias.

Confirmation Bias Definition:

The confirmation bias refers to the tendency to selectively
search for and consider information that confirms one's
beliefs.

Confirmation Bias Examples:

There are a number of possible examples of the confirmation
bias.  Below are a few examples.
 A student who is going to write a research paper may primarily
search for information that would confirm his or her beliefs.  
The student may fail to search for or fully consider information
that is inconsistent with his or her beliefs.
 A reporter who is writing an article on an important issue may
only interview experts that support her or his views on the issue.
An employer who believes that a job applicant is highly
intelligent may pay attention to only information that is
consistent with the belief that the job applicant is highly
intelligent.