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                                       Confirmation Bias

    
There are a number of possible biases in judgment.  One of
these biases is the confirmation bias.   The confirmation bias is
an important concept in psychology.   What is the confirmation
bias?   Below is a definition of the confirmation bias.

Confirmation Bias Definition:

      The confirmation bias refers to the tendency to selectively
search for and consider information that confirms one's
beliefs.

Confirmation Bias Examples:

       There are a number of possible examples of the
confirmation bias.  Below are a few examples.

1.   A student who is going to write a research paper may
primarily search for information that would confirm his or her
beliefs.  The student may fail to search for or fully consider
information that is inconsistent with his or her beliefs.

2.    A reporter who is writing an article on an important issue
may only interview experts that support her or his views on the
issue.

3.    An employer who believes that a job applicant is highly
intelligent may pay attention to only information that is
consistent with the belief that the job applicant is highly
intelligent.