The Big Five Personality Traits
One view of personality is that there are five basic dimensions
that can explain individual differences in personality. The five
dimensions in the big five personality theory include extraversion,
openness to experience, emotional stability, agreeableness, and
conscientiousness. Below are some definitions of these five
personality dimensions (and examples of personality):
Extraversion Definition: Extraversion refers the extent to which a
person is sociable, talkative, lively, active, and excitable. A highly
extraverted person would be very sociable, talkative, lively, active,
Openness to Experience Definition: Openness to experience
refers to the extent to which a person is imaginative, independent,
and has a preference for variety. A person who is high in openness
to experience would be a creative thinker who is independent and
does not like routines.
Emotional Stability Definition: Emotional stability refers to the
extent to which a person is calm and secure. A person who is very
stable emotionally would remain calm in many situations and would
Agreeableness Definition: Agreeableness refers to the extent to
which a person is good-natured, helpful, trusting, and cooperative.
A person who is high in agreeableness would be caring, help others,
trust others, and strive to be cooperative in groups.
Conscientiousness Definition: Conscientiousness refers to the
extent to which a person is organized, careful, self-disciplined, and
responsible. A person who is high in conscientiousness would make
an effort to be careful, organized, and responsible.