| The Big Five Personality Traits
One view of personality is that there are five basic dimensions that can explain individual differences in personality. The five dimensions in the big five personality theory include extraversion, openness to experience, emotional stability, agreeableness, and conscientiousness. Below are some definitions of these five personality dimensions (and examples of personality):
Extraversion Definition: Extraversion refers the extent to which a person is sociable, talkative, lively, active, and excitable. A highly extraverted person would be very sociable, talkative, lively, active, and excitable.
Openness to Experience Definition: Openness to experience refers to the extent to which a person is imaginative, independent, and has a preference for variety. A person who is high in openness to experience would be a creative thinker who is independent and does not like routines.
Emotional Stability Definition: Emotional stability refers to the extent to which a person is calm and secure. A person who is very stable emotionally would remain calm in many situations and would feel secure.
Agreeableness Definition: Agreeableness refers to the extent to which a person is good-natured, helpful, trusting, and cooperative. A person who is high in agreeableness would be caring, help others, trust others, and strive to be cooperative in groups.
Conscientiousness Definition: Conscientiousness refers to the extent to which a person is organized, careful, self-disciplined, and responsible. A person who is high in conscientiousness would make an effort to be careful, organized, and responsible.