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               Attribution

    
   What is attribution?  Attribution is an important concept in psychology.  Below is one definition of attribution (concerning causal judgments about others):

Attribution Definition:

Attribution is the process of explaining the behaviors of others.

Attribution Examples:

      
There are two basic ways we may explain the behaviors of others.  First, we may explain the behaviors with respect to the person's personality or dispositions.  Second, we may explain the behaviors with respect to situations.

Dispositional Attribution Example:

If another student is quiet on the first day of class we may infer that shyness is the cause of the person's quietness.

Situational Attribution Example:


If another student is quiet on the first day of class we may infer that the student is having a bad day, or that the lecture on the first day was boring.