HOME
WRITING PAPERS
        How to Write an Abstract

        An abstract is an important part of a paper or thesis.
There are several reasons why an abstract is important.  
First, it may help the reader to know what topics are covered
in the paper or thesis.  Second, it may help the reader to gain
knowledge of the basic conclusions.  Third, it may help the
reader to know how the paper or thesis may make an
original contribution to our knowledge.
       Because of the three reasons indicated above, it is
important to learn how to write an abstract for a paper or
thesis.  Based on the above reasons, the abstract should
include the following information:

1.  A brief summary of the basic ideas and findings in the
paper or thesis.

2.  A brief statement of the basic conclusions in the paper or
thesis.

3.  A brief statement of how the paper or thesis may make
an original contribution to our knowledge.

          Because the abstract is likely to be very brief (e.g.,
less than 150 words), it is very important that only the most
essential information (as indicated above) is included in the
abstract.  Moreover, the abstract should be edited a number
of times and unnecessary words should be omitted.
        An abstract should help the reader decide whether to
read the paper or thesis.  Thus, it is very important that the
abstract provides the reader with sufficient information that
would allow the reader to have a good understanding of
what is covered in the paper or thesis and how the paper or
thesis may be original.